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Nest site characteristics and breeding biology of Kentish Plover in the saltpans of Sidi Moussa, Morocco

Info

Pages
107 – 114

Published
15 October 18

Authors
Siham El Malki, Latifa Joulami, Mouna El Mdari, Rhimou El Hamoumi

DOI
10.18194/ws.00115

Correspondence
Rhimou El Hamoumi
rhimouelhamoumi@yahoo.fr
Laboratoire d’Ecologie et d’Environnement, Faculté des Sciences de Ben M’sik, Université Hassan II de Casablanca, Morocco

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Nest site selection and breeding biology of Kentish Plover Charadrius alexandrinus were studied in the Sidi Moussa saltpans, a part of the Moroccan Ramsar site ‘Sidi Moussa-Walidia’, in two habitat types (natural marshes and saltpans) during two breeding seasons (2011 and 2012). We followed 32 nests during the egg-laying period (late March to late June). Most nests (70%, n = 22) were located less than one meter from vegetation and the mean height of the vegetation around the nest was 19 ± 2 cm. Mean distance to the nearest water was around 2 m (212 ± 24 cm). The mean clutch size was 2.3 ± 0.1 eggs per nest. Mean egg volume was 8.18 ± 0.19 cm3. Nesting success was 38%. Human disturbance was the main cause (85%) of clutch failure. Mean clutch size and mean egg volume in Sidi Moussa were lower than those reported by other studies. However, with a hatch success similar or higher than those in several natural or man-made habitats, Sidi Moussa salt pans are an important nesting habitat for Kentish Plovers.